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Patients Will Be Given The Covid Vaccine Via Nasal Spray, Which May Be More Effective Than Muscle Injections



Patients whose lab tests have returned positive results will be given the opportunity to test a seasonal nasal spray that protects against Covid.

The spray targets mucous membranes – moist inner linings of organs or cavities that produce phlegm – and is greatly improved at forestalling spread than muscle jabs, say the Berlin team behind it.

According to co-author Dr. Emanuel Wyler of the Max Delbruck Centre in Germany, “Nasal vaccines are far more effective in this regard than injected vaccines – which fail or struggle to reach the mucous membranes.”

Droplets of the virus-laden saliva are expelled by infected individuals whenever they laugh, cough, sneeze, or speak. Others get the bug by taking in airborne pathogens which grab hold in the nose, mouth, throat, and lungs.

A weakened form of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid, was developed by Dr. Wyler and colleagues.

Human trials are already being planned, and the potential benefits go far beyond providing a needle-free alternative.

Immunity is inferred primarily in the blood and throughout the body when a vaccine is injected. Because they enter the body through the upper respiratory tract’s mucous membranes, coronaviruses are only detected and combated relatively late in infection by the immune system.

Dr. Jakob Trimpert, a co-author from Freie University, stated: “It’s here, therefore, that we need local immunity if we want to intercept a respiratory virus early on.”

Preferably a vaccine directly invigorates antibodies in the mucous membranes – keeping infection from happening in the first place.

Dr. Geraldine Nouailles, a co-author from Charite University Hospital, stated, “Memory T cells that reside in lung tissue play a similarly useful role to antibodies in the mucosa.”

“These white blood cells remain in affected tissue long after an infection has passed and remember pathogens they have encountered before. Thanks to their location in the lungs, they can respond quickly to viruses that enter through the airways.

“We were able to show prior intranasal vaccination results in the increased reactivation of these local memory cells in the event of a subsequent SARS-CoV-2 infection. Needless to say, we were particularly pleased with this result.”

After two doses of the vaccine were administered to hamsters, experiments revealed that the virus was unable to replicate. Because they are susceptible to the same variants and symptoms as humans, they are the best animal model for Covid.

According to Dr. Trimpert, “we witnessed strong activation of the immunological memory, and the mucous membranes were very well protected by the high concentration of antibodies.”

It outperformed all other vaccines tested on rodents in a laboratory, probably because immunity builds up at the viral entry site.

In addition, unlike mRNA vaccines, which only contain the spike protein, it contains all virus components. The spike is the Covid’s most significant weapon, yet the immune system can likewise perceive the disease from around 20 different proteins.

Double nasal vaccination, followed by a muscular injection of the mRNA vaccine, produced the best results.

Dr. Freie student and lead author Julia Adler stated: “This means the live vaccine could be particularly interesting as a booster.”

Additionally, the researchers were able to specifically alter the weakened virus’s genetic code.

Dr. Dusan Kunec, a co-author from Freie, stated: “We wanted to prevent the attenuated viruses from mutating back into a more aggressive variant.”

“This makes our live vaccine entirely safe and means it can be tailored to new virus variants.”

Nature Microbiology was the journal that published the study.


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