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World Asthma Day 2024: Ten Typical Triggers and Advice On How To Treat Asthma Symptoms



Not only is asthma a medical problem. Dr. Arun Kotaru, a consultant in pulmonology and sleep medicine at Artemis Hospital Gurugram, claims that it is a constant companion that follows millions of people throughout the world. “The regular bouts of breathing difficulties and wheezing that characterize asthma impede the respiratory system’s regular operation. Its population has grown dramatically in the last few years. Its widespread expansion has been facilitated by a number of causes, including changes in lifestyle and the increase in pollution,” he continues.

According to Dr. Kotaru, recognizing and controlling the triggers can help lessen asthma symptoms. Ten asthma attack triggers are shared by him.

Allergens: While seemingly innocuous, items such as mold, dust mites, pollen, and pet dander can really cause an allergic response in the body. This may cause inflammation and airway constriction, which would be problematic for asthmatic individuals.

Illnesses of the respiratory system: Although viral illnesses such as the flu or the common cold may appear to be transient, they can actually aggravate asthma symptoms by inflaming already sensitive airways.

Exposure to allergens: A variety of allergens, including smoking, air pollution, strong scents, and chemical fumes, can aggravate the sensitive respiratory tract and cause inflammation in their wake, which can lead to an asthma attack.

Exercise or physical exertion: Although there are many health benefits to exercise, it can be challenging if you have asthma. People who have asthma frequently experience exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, which is a condition in which physical exertion causes inflammation and airway narrowing. However, with the right warm-up exercises and medicine, this disease can be controlled.

Weather change: Asthma flare-ups can be brought on by cold air, humidity, or abrupt temperature swings that irritate your respiratory tract.

Emotional Stress: Severe, powerful emotions or emotional anxiety can cause the release of stress hormones, which worsen airway constriction and inflammation.

Some Medications: The medications you take themselves may aggravate your asthma symptoms. In certain instances, medications such as beta-blockers and NSAIDs may exacerbate asthma symptoms.

Allergens at work: Occupational asthma is a condition where asthma attacks are brought on by exposure to allergens or irritants at work.

Acid Reflux: Frequently linked to GERD, acid reflux aggravates asthma symptoms by causing irritation to the airways. This increases the discomfort associated with the condition and complicates asthma treatment.

Hormonal Changes: Asthma symptoms may be impacted by hormonal changes, particularly in women going through menopause, pregnancy, or the menstrual cycle.

It’s critical to comprehend these modifications in order to properly manage asthma.

Handling asthma: To effectively manage asthma, in addition to being aware of and avoiding triggers, take recommended drugs, such as inhaled corticosteroids. It is crucial for preventing symptoms and lowering inflammation. Additionally, it’s critical to maintain your health with regular exercise, a balanced diet, and breathing techniques. The key to reducing the impact of asthma on daily life is routine follow-up with your doctor for medication modifications and symptom monitoring.


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